As the Bushido developed, the samurais were required to have single-minded loyalty to their lords. This included sacrificing their own lives when necessary. On the death of the lord, the samurai would practice junshi, which is a ritual suicide.During the rule of the Ashikaga shoguns, the samurai was to be a patron for Zen Buddhism. During the Azuchi-Momoyama period , the samurai became the governing elite. During this period, generally described as “brief and violent,” some 250 regional warlords developed a way of life anchored in the role of the feudal warrior. The warrior’s code stressed seven basic virtues: courage, respect, benevolence, honor, rectitude, honesty, and loyalty.In 1603, the emperor proclaimed Tokugawa Ieyasu as shogun and he became the supreme military leader of Japan. The samurais were at the top of the social hierarchy and devoted themselves equally to the cultivation of civil and martial arts. The Laws of Military Houses laid down the rules for the behavior of the military class in 1615. Under these rules, the samurai were to study both the military arts and civil learning. They were to set an example for all other classes with the demeanor of their daily lives.While the warrior’s code emerged from the chaos of battle, it was intended to help the samurai prosper in a world of peace.The authority of the samurai was ended in 1876 with the Haitōrei Edict which prohibited them from carrying swords, once the symbols of their authority. While the samurai are no longer a Japanese political power, the samurai heritage continues to be seen in movies, art, literature, and the traditional Japanese tea ceremony.The tea ceremony has its roots in Zen Buddhism and Daoism. It is structured around the five elements—wood, fire, water, metal, and earth—which are essential for balance.